About 80% of the Indian population is suffering from problems related to teeth and gums. Most prevalent among these problems are: -
Oral cancers constitute about 20% of all body cancers. About sixty percent of schools going children are suffering from dental carries, between the age group of 6-16 years, which leads to destruction of teeth and their supporting structures. Dental treatment is very expensive but most of the dental diseases can be warded off by taking simple measures of prevention like correct brushing techniques, less intake of sugar & sticky substances, adequate intake of calcium, minerals, vitamins etc.
MAN POWER - ORAL HEALTH SERVICE
Man power strength of oral health services is as under:-
Director, Health Services
Senior Dental surgeon
Dental Mechanic- Cum -Assistant
PROVISION OF ORAL HEALTH SERVICES
At present Oro-Dental Health Services are being provided in different Health Institutions of the Haryana State during the year 2009-10 as depicted below :-
Community Health Centers
Primary Health Centers
Urban / Rural Dispensaries
Central Jail Dispensaries ( Ambala, Hisar & Gurgaon )
Mobile Dental Clinics ( Ambala & Hisar )
Govt. has sanctioned 100 new posts of Dental Surgeons vide No. 23/09/2004-4HBIII, dated 29.11.04 and appointed in July, 2006 in various PHCs. Govt. has also sanctioned 100 new posts of Dental Surgeons in PHCs Vide No. 23/9/2004-4HBIII dated 30.3.2007 and 112 Dental Surgeons were given appointment on 3.10.2008.Further Govt. has sanctioned three posts of Senior Dental Surgeons & 15 posts of Dental Surgeons vide letter No. 23/29/2008-4HBIII dated 13.3.09, 81 posts of Dental Surgeons vide letter No. 23/9/2004-4HBIII dated17.7.09 and two posts of Senior Dental Surgeons vide No. 23/9/2005-4HBIII dated 13.8.08 in Distt. Yamunanagar and Panipat. On dated 29.10.2009 Govt. has created 15 new posts of Dental Surgeons and 3 new posts of Senior Dental Surgeon vide their office memo No. 23/29/08-4HB-III dated 29.10.09. Govt. has given appointment to 29 new Dental Surgeons in August, 2009. HPSC is under way to recruit 104 new posts of Dental Surgeons and 4 posts of Senior Dental Surgeons.
JOB RESPONSIBILITIES OF DENTAL MAN-POWER
To make the Senior Dental Surgeons (at District H.Q.) fully accountable, they have been designated at District Dental Officers. They are responsible for monitoring / inspection of various Dental Equipments of their district. They are involved in providing all kinds of requirements regarding Oral Health in their district, apart from touring of all the Dental Clinics of their district. They function as Programme Officers regarding Oral Health, for their district.
All Senior Dental Surgeons / Dental Surgeons are providing preventive / promotive / curative, Oral Health Services to the masses in their areas. Apart from these services, Dental Surgeons have been declared as School Health Officers vide this office letter No. 41/37-1HE-2009/481, dated 24.3.2009. Also Dental Surgeons posted at PHCs and CHCs have been declared as Member Secretary of Swasthya Kalyan Samiti vides this office letter No. 1/277-4RCH-2009/1650-70, dated 13.3.2009.
Dental Surgeons besides giving treatment to patients at the Dental Clinics, have been giving brushing instructions to the patients & visit schools regularly for giving dental check up & treatment to children. Each Dental Surgeon is supposed to check up at least 400 school children per month and refer the needy to the nearby health institution for treatment. Besides this, they also work to create awareness and impart dental education about oral health promoting measures. All the dental clinics have modernized dental chairs/units.
ORAL HEALTH CARE PROGRAMME FOR RURAL AREA.
This programme has been prepared and implemented in Haryana for the Oral Health Care of the rural people. This programme pertains to orienting and organizing oral health care services for the purpose of providing not only curative and restorative treatment but also prophylactic care, incorporating methods of primary prevention. The aims and objectives of this programme is to create awareness and prevention of commonly occurring diseases through multi sectoral approach with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence of dental diseases. This programme is being implemented at all the PHCs and CHCs for the benefit of estimated population of 150.00 lacs .
Two Mobile dental Clinics fully equipped with modern Dental units, power generators and water tanks were pressed into service for the rural people, to remote and far flung areas of districts Hisar and Ambala. These clinics not only provide Oral Health care to the patients at their doorsteps, but also attend to patients at Health camps, Schools. etc. Patients are given treatment by Mobile Clinics since 1995.
Three fully equipped Dental Clinics are functioning in Central Jail Dispensaries of District Gurgaon, Ambala, and Hisar which provide Preventive, Promotive and Curative Oral Health Services to the Prisoners
All the dental clinics have modernized dental chairs / units. During the last three years, 246 new Dental Chairs/ Units have been installed against the newly created posts / unserviceable equipment replaced. Modernization of dental clinics and strengthening of monitoring system have led to improvement in the quality and quantity of services rendered which is evident from the figures given below : -