National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB)
National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by 2020. Rapid Survey on Avoidable Blindness conducted under NPCB during 2006-07 showed reduction in the prevalence rate of blindness from 1.1% (2001-02) to 1% (2006-07).
The objectives of the programme are:
National Programme For Control Of Blindness (100% CSS)
The National Programme for Control of Blindness is a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme. This programme was launched in 1976-1977. There are 45 million blind persons in the World and more than 2/3rd of this blind population lives in Asia and Africa and about 70 lacs blinds alone in India. As per WHO estimates the blind population will double by 2020 due to rise in population and longevity. The salient features of the blindness control programme in the State of Haryana is as under: -
Prevalence of Blindness: - Haryana- 1.13% National - 1.49%
Ø National Target: - To bring down the prevalence rate of blindness to 0.5% by 2010.
Ø The Programme is looked after by the State Blindness Control Society at the State Level. The Society starting functioning from December 2002.
Ø The programme is looked after at the district level by District Blindness Control Societies.
Ø The major causes of blindness are cataract, refractive errors, Glaucoma, Corneal Opacity, Trauma and Vitamin A deficiency etc.
Ø By definition blindness is inability to count fingers at a distance of 6 meters.
Ø There are 61 Eye Surgeons in the State. of which 41 are IOL Trained.
Ø There are 93 posts of Ophthalmic Assistants and 88 are filled.
Ø There are about 50 Operating Facilities in Haryana State.
Ø There are about 128 Private eye surgeons in the State.
Ø The equipments like Operating Microscope, A-Scan, Slit Lamp, Yag Laser, Ophthalmic Chair, Keratometer, Direct Ophthalmoscope etc. are available in the institutions of the State.
Ø Large No. of Voluntary Organizations are active to provide services.
Ø More emphasis on prevention of Corneal Blindness and Eye Donation and to decrease the blindness in children.
Ø Cataract performance for the last five-Year is as under:-
The prevalence of refractive error cases in children is around 5 % to 7%. The training to the teachers & link workers, health workers is provided at the district level for screening the school children and free spectacles are given to the poor children as per G.O.I. guidelines.
Achievements in school eye screening for the last 6 years is as under: -
No. of Teachers training
No. of School going children screened
No. of Children with refractive errors
No. of Children provided free glasses
No. of Camps for Screening of school children
Following Eye Banks/Eye donation centres have been registered under the transplantation of Human Organs Act 1994:-
Name of Eye Bank/Eye Donation Centre Contact No.
1. Haryana State Eye Bank at PGIMS Rohtak 01262-212300
2. Shanti Smiriti Shri Madhav Eye Bank Narwana,( Jind) 01684-243322
3. Jeevan Eye Bank Hisar 01662-220054
4. Lions Eye Bank Sirsa 01666-221900 9896028334
5. Eye Bank of Western Command Chandimandir (PKL) 0172-2867592
6. Y.P. Mahindru Nirmaya Eye Bank Gurgaon 0124-2321234
7. Sewa Samiti Charitable & Research Centre Faridabad 0129-4024061
8. Poojniya Mata Kartar Kaur Ji Internatinal Eye Bank
Dera Sacha Sauda,. Sirsa 01666-238659
9. Shri Shakti Netra Eye Donation Centre No. 3, Faridabad 0129-2421047
10. Madhav Netra Bank, C/o Kapil Eye Hospital, Ambala City 0171-2553533
11. Sanjivani Cornea Transplantation Centre, Ambala City 0171-2521266
12. Reveria Eye Donation Centre, Yamunanager 0173-2235844
During the year 2006-07:- (Vision centres)
CHC Bond Kalan
Chc Jhojju Kalan
CHC Bhattu Kalan
PHC Bhora Kalan
During 2008-09 :- During the year 2008-09 10 Vision centres in
CHC Nangal Chaudhary
Training :- One day training to the MPW Workers, Aanganwari workers for screening the +50 population for cataract surgeries is given. One day training to the school Teachers for screening the children is also given.
OTHERS IF ANY.
Nehru Drishti Yojana
Vision is a wonderful gift of God to mankind. Corneal blindness constitutes 1% of total blindness. Corneal blind people can regain vision by Keratoplasty. There are 2 million corneal blind in India. Presently there are 8000-10000 corneal blind people in the State of Haryana. Last year 1318 eyes were donated out of which only 730 corneas were used for Keratoplasty. Thus, there is a big gap between demand and supply. To overcome this problem Nehru Drishti Yojna has been launched in Haryana by our Hon’ble CM on 26th January, 2010. Under this scheme 20 new eye donation centres has been opened. Presently there is one eye bank in Govt. sector (PGIMS, Rohtak). In near future Govt. of Haryana plans to open 4 eye banks (Panchkula, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Sirsa). This project will promote the act of eye donation and there will be increase in number of Keratoplasty. From launch of scheme to till date, more than 7919 people have pledged their eyes for eye donation. Effectively 32 corneas were available for Keratoplasty. At PGIMS, Rohtak corneal blind person underwent Keratoplasty by team of eye specialists. Thus, corneal blind persons were gifted this beautiful gift of sight. This is very expensive surgery in private hospitals costing around 25-30 thousand. Poor & Needy patients cannot afford this surgery. Govt. of Haryana by launching Nehru Drishti Yojna has taken a big step to eliminate corneal blindness from Haryana. Thus, Nehru Drishti Yojna brings a ray of hope to these corneal blind persons. 20 New Eye Donation Centers were opened in year 2009-10 under Nehru Drishti Yojna (1 in each district except Rohtak).
Consolidated report for the Eye Donation Centres under Nehru Drishti Yojna in Haryana for the year 2010 till June, 2010
EYE CARE ACTIVITIES
Total Eye Collected
Eyes utilised for Keretoplasty
Eyes sent to other banks
Eyes utilised for research purpose
Eyes unfit for use
Eyes pledged for donations
For any kind of information under National Programme for Control of Blindness please contact District School Medical Officer (NPCB) in the O/o of Civil Surgeon of the concerned District.